Poverty Reduction Will Stabilize Stability in S. Sudan

Marwa Khalid

Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital witnessed last month the final signing of the peace deal between the different warring parties in the South Sudan latest civil war. Sudan Vision witnessed this event and conducted some interviews with some of the prominent signatures to the agreement. Here are some of them.

Q: Honorable Mathew Mayor Ayoung , Secretary General NCP-S (National Congress Party-South Sudan). We are pleased with meeting your Sir?
A: We thank Sudan Vision very much because it gives great attention to South Sudan issues and in particular those related to the Peace Agreement of South Sudan that was just signed by all parties have attained the objective of reaching a peace accord.

Q: What are your expectations now after the singeing of the agreement?
A: Our expectations from all parties to the peace agreement can be summarized in; to start implementation of what agreed upon from the first week according to the agreement matrix; expect a different period than the previous one to reach the real stage that we as political parties attain for, a free transparent election in South Sudan so that the principle of attaining political power vide the ballot box and by the force of arms is firmly established in the political arena and that this chance is open to all the political parties in South Sudan. We expect seriousness from all parties in addressing these issues in these[F1] coming period.
In addition, we as one of South Sudan political parties expect to participate actively specially after the birth of the new peace agreement which was delivered with a wisdom that the Sudan Government should be thanked for and in particular President Al Bashir who is fully acquainted with all the dimensions of the South Sudan problems far more than any other African leader.
This is why in a two years crises ended in 45 days. Khartoum understand South Sudan problems and also know its solutions. This received the admiration of the whole world and this is why we also want the implementation to receive the same admiration.
We thank Sudan Vision for particularly opening avenue between the people of Sudan and South Sudan.
The signing of this agreement is a Sudanese-Sudanese victory and as a political party we will participate very actively in cooperation with our colleagues. This agreement opens the gate for us to prepare freely our work as a legal political party.

Q: What are the arrangements and expectations for the agreement implementation, the cease fire, the return of the IDPs and refugees and the role and relation with the international community?
A: This is a very good question. We have agreed that this time the agreement implementation should start from the inside the South Sudan house, in the past the international community participated in the formulation of agreements that was not implemented, so this time, we need to depend on ourselves.
If we revisit the 2005 Sudan Peace Agreement many rosy promises was made by the international community to stand with us that didn’t materialize until the secession of South Sudan. So, we must demand very lightly on the international community and depend basically on ourselves to succeed.
This is why the South Sudan state and political parties have prepared themselves for self-dependency and I am very confident that as part of the present government that have signed the peace agreement with the opposition will see the coming period a strong dependency on Southern Sudanese strength.
If we want really to succeed we must fully utilize our resources and national capacities, this is what Southern Sudanese political parties should push for in the coming period the search for homemade solutions.

Q: What about the return of the IDPs and Refugees to their homes?
A: The return of the IDPs and refugees home is a priority for the coming governent which as a government and signatory political parties must provide the necessary services to those IDPs and refugees and on the top of these proprieties comes the provision of healthy food and safe drinking water. In such case citizens will voluntary return to their homes.
But in top of all this the stopping of the voices of the guns and the fully implementation of the cease fire, this is very important for the present and the coming 8 months government. But this is a difficult task which needs the joint colloabartion of all including the political parties.

Q: I hope you will attain this national and African aim in the near future for the benefit of the people of South Sudan?
A: What I have seen from the President Silva Kurri and government before my departure from Juba to Addis Ababa this time will be very different from all the previous periods.

The problem is basically inside the SPLM (Sudan People’s Liberation Movement) and all these factions fighting under different names are all SPLM in reality, Kornelio Kon Nju, National Alliance
The transfer of the South Sudan Peace file to Khartoum gave the initiative a tremendous momentum as sisterly countries that understand each other.

Q: We are pleased in Sudan Vision for this opportunity to interview your good self?
A: Thanks to Sudan Vision as this is my first time to be interviewed by the paper.

Q: Can you reflect on the recent peace agreement signed.
A: With regard to the peace agreement it was signed preliminary in December 20117, for the return of peace and stability to South Sudan, in a step by step approach.
The transfer of the South Sudan Peace file to Khartoum gave the initiative a tremendous momentum as a sisterly countries that understand each other very well. This is why we were able in a very short time to reach a final agreement. The Khartoum South Sudan Peace Agreement is the corner stone for peace and stability in South Sudan as it is supported and guaranteed by both the two neighboring countries, Sudan and Uganda. Both have been negatively impacted by the civil war in South Sudan.

Q: What are the mechanisms and practical steps for the transitional period, the peace culture that will induce the return of the IDPs and refugees to their homes?
A: The strategy needed must first of all target the reduction of poverty because poverty makes people wild and want to grab anything. And with the abundance of arms the situation became catastrophic because the present rate of poverty in South Sudan is very high. So, there is a need for the salaries and wages to be paid in time, the return of companies and business to operation to provide people with the resources, jobs and employment opportunities. This makes people abandon reverting to violence to sustain their livelihoods.
Q: Do in your opinion the companies that used to operate in South Sudan will return back?
A: These companies will return back with the return of peace and stability in South Sudan. The problem is basically inside the SPLM (Sudan People’s Liberation Movement) and all these factions fighting under different names are all SPLM in reality. When they agree with each other then there is an end to the insecurity in South Sudan. We have seen a positive sign in this respect in last cordial meeting between Silva Kurri and Rick Machar and if they are united again this will end the present crises of violence.
Q: Do you expect support from the international community and agencies for the development of South Sudan?
A: First of all for someone to assist you there is need that you are visible and outside of the dark channel which the civil war have driven Southern Sudanese in, so when we are out in the daylight, many organizations and the international community will come to your support because there aim is to support peace and the ordinary people of South Sudan.
Q: We wish strongly for the return of peace and stability to South Sudan
A: Peace and stability in South Sudan require that we abandon the state of tribalism and return to the Southern Sudanese state, not the state of Denka and Noor. Also, we must abandon slogan that breeds tension likes that we have liberated you.
Q: Would you like at the end to add something?
A: Africa is our home and we Africans are all brothers. So, we must be like the EU (European Union) where with one Visa you can enter any country in the Union. Sorely, the situation in Africa is different and makes movement from one country to another very difficult. We hope that this situation to enhance African soldiery, unity and integration.

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