Sudan is Free from any Terrorism Activity

Sudan is Free from any Terrorism Activity, but Is Still in the Terrorism List: Hussien

Muawad Rashid–Najat Ahmed

Khartoum–Director of the Criminal Investigation Directorate at the Ministry of Interior, Major General (Police), Hussien Nafie Mahmoud revealed to Sudan Vision the main points of the recommendations of the Eastern Africa Police Chiefs Cooperation Organization (EAPCCO) annual General Meeting which took place in Khartoum on 12th, September 2018 which was participated by 14 African countries.
According to Maj. Gen. Hussien Nafie Mahmoud, the recommendations included – among other things – the upgrading of the cooperation mechanisms, capacity building and intensifying the joint operations, besides the activation of criminal justice role in cooperation with police and other related institutions in implementing the law.
EAPCCO conference recommended supporting the regional anti-criminal activities especially terrorism, besides exchanging the intelligence information, its trends through the methods of the Interpol.
The evaluation of the future threats and setting the appropriate strategies to deal with all types of crime is also one of the recommendations of the conference.
The conference urged the member states to exchange training programmes to upgrade the capabilities of police forces in the region, besides coordination among all the regional agencies to curb human trafficking along with setting the legal frames to curb it. Excerpts:

Q: Would you please reveal some statistics about the crimes in the recent years:
A: In the recent years there was a considerable rise in crimes and that is due to the foreign existence which ranges between 3 to 4 million. This is one of the challenges. But, in general if we compare the local crimes to the crimes of foreigners we find that the crimes of foreign increases by almost 100% during 2017.

Q: What are the main challenges facing the criminal investigation within the transnational crimes dominating the region?
A: Criminal investigation is in continuous improvement and qualifies its staff in investigation research and detecting the crimes. In the recent years the criminal investigation adapted the qualitative work to confront the organized crimes.
Q: Are there any fears from the escalation of organized crimes in Sudan?
A: There are no fears but it is a natural development parallel to the tune of the rhythm of the life. Crime is no more traditional, but there is great development in the organized crime round the world due to the modern technology. This leads to changes even within the families. In short the modern technology contributed in the escalation of the organized crime; so it should be confronted.
Sudan is not an exception from the world due to the openness and that contributes in the entrance of the organized crime into the country.
There is a big need to control the borders so avoid the influx of the foreigners from the neighbouring countries . It is true that there are legislations and laws which organize this foreign existence; but those legislations are not enforced. This also makes Sudan under fire due the emergence of human trafficking activities which starts from Sudan as a transit country despite its efforts in anti-human trafficking in the recent years.

Q; Are there any plan to benefit from the foreign existence and curbing the crimes?
A: There are several plans to benefit from the foreigners in the harvest season; but the problem is that they escape to greater Khartoum and work in marginal activities.

Q: Sudan’s Role in Protecting Human Trafficking Victims?
A: Sudan has exerted great efforts in anti-human trafficking activities through providing shelter provided by the basic services to the victims. Sudan is advancing in this regard and there still efforts in training, besides the operations with the Interpol.

Q: Cybercrimes have become a security threat to the citizens and the state through terrorism networks that attract the youth to join it .. Your comments?
A: We have a specialized directorate in the criminal investigation which includes the electronic crimes or cybercrimes department. This department has several achievements. For instance some networks target the important institutions and sites, so the criminal investigation exerts great efforts in this regard. There is strict monitoring to those networks and we receive reports on that.

Q: IS there joint cooperation between Sudan, EAPCCO and related institutions in anti-human trafficking activities?
A: One of the important issues in EAPCCO meetings is that the state that host country receives the flag for the next year. Sudan received the presidency of EAPCCO this year and Tanzania will take over next year. So Sudan will lead EAPCCO a matter that means working in coordinating he efforts and the implementation of the recommendations and adherence to it.
The recent EAPCCO conference held in Khartoum emphasized the importance of coordination in anti-human trafficking activities. Sudan conducted Flyways project which targets North and the Horn of Africa funded by the Interpol during the period 26 – 30 of September where a great work was done with the participation of all specialized parties in police authority. The project targeted the beggars in public parks especially the kids who were exploited in begging and some crimes. W found complexes of those beggars run by networks of foreigners. This is considered kind of human trafficking through exploiting the kids in such activities. Of course we distinguish between the victim and the criminal and provide the assistance to the victims and return them to their countries.
The other issue was in Khartoum airport where we checked during Flyways project the passports of the passengers to determine if there are any violations in the presence of the Interpol, but there were no any violations in the documents.
In conventional mining areas we found some of human trafficking cases through exploiting the kids to do tough works, so we brought the kid to Khartoum and handed them to their families. There are also the human smugglers through the borders and we caught some of them within a partnership with the Interpol and its supervision in the domestic operations through coordination.

Q: The Interpol assists in exchanging the criminal and exchanging of information a matter that contributes in reducing the intercontinental crimes.. your comments?
A: We have a specialized department working under the umbrella of combating the organized crime. Human trafficking is an international issues and a threat to the illegal migrants. Sudan is considered transit states, so there are big and continuous efforts in this regard. There is international concern on the issue. In the region we have regional work with EAPCCO and we did a lot of work as we managed to rescue illegal migrants and bring some of the networks to justice.

Q: Smuggling of Weapons requires control .. your comments?
A: Yes, smuggling of weapons is a great security threat resulted from the armed groups and the instability in some neighbouring countries. The conflicts in neighbouring countries led to the entrance of smuggled firearms to Sudan especially from Libya. Accordingly we are doing our best with the coordination and cooperation with other security institutions. There is a specialized court for that purpose and several criminals were arrested. Now we are working out a plan to mark the firearms including all the states.

Q: Which state reported the highest rate of crimes?
A: Khartoum is on top of the record because it is considered a small Sudan due to the migration from the rural areas to greater Khartoum in search of services. The population of Khartoum now is around 7 million.

Q: Do you think that the legislations and laws contributed in curbing the crimes?
A: The legislations and laws are sufficient in dealing with all types of crimes; but there are some laws which are not enforced and require amendment.
Q: What about the groups that attract the youth to join the terrorist groups?
A: The joining of youth to extremist groups is a new phenomenon. This requires joint efforts from all concerned institutions. It appeared in the universities so there is coordination with other security organs to contain the phenomenon. But the families have their important role to deal with any strange deeds from their sons and report to the concerned authorities before it is too late.
The extremism phenomenon requires joint efforts between the government and the communities to curb it.

Q: Your comments on Eastern Africa Police Chiefs Cooperation Organization (EAPCCO) annual General Meeting which took place in Khartoum on 12th September 2018 which was participated by 14 African countries?
A: This round was different and it continued from seven days in working groups to stand on the experiences of each member state.
The conference concentrated on human trafficking, migrants, drugs, smuggling of minerals, illegal firearms, terrorism. Sudan efforts were displayed during the meetings in terms of combating illegal migration, human trafficking and training besides an intellectual work presented by Prof. Hassan Makki.
The recommendations of the meetings serve the security issue in general and will reflect on the security and stability in the member states.
The conference also witnessed the signature of Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between EAPCCO and Higher Academy for Strategic and Security Studies (H.A.S.S.S.) within the framework of capacity-building and training.

Q: Drugs?
A: Drugs is one of the organized crimes. We are now working out a plan to contain its spread especially among the youth. We achieved considerable success in this regard despite the clever way in hiding the drugs as they were hidden inside the mobile chargers devices. We issued a violet circular on this to other countries to be aware of this new method.
Q; What about smuggling of minerals?
A: The customs authorities managed recently to seize huge quantities of smuggled gold through Khartoum airport in its way to the United Arab Emirates.
Q: Wildlife Crimes?
A: 23 kilograms of ivory and four leopard skins were seized in |Khartoum airport smuggled from South Sudan. The smuggler escaped when he felt that he was discovered. This is one of the important crimes for the Interpol as it targeted the famous endangered species.
Also a pistol was seized in one of the dugs report and we managed to arrest a currency counterfeiting network led by a foreigner and among the properties we found a Kalashnikov gun which belongs to a culprit working in one of the regular forces.
This operation was successful and found appreciation on the region.

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