The Contribution of the National Herds

Mohamed Abdalla

Sudan economy is diversified with many resources, which categorized the country as a rich in term of potentials, the economic bodies and experts dedicate to improve the revenue and to generate hard currency, Sudan is qualified to provide good the local, regional and international markets with enough quantities.
The estimated animal population of Sudan is 103 million herds, 30 millions of Cattles, 37 million of Sheep, 33 millions Goats, 3 million Camels and 4 millions Horses. Also there are large amounts of Fish and Husbandries.
The animal resources contribute continuously to the national economy, nearly US$ 4 billion come to the public treasury every year, also it provides people with milk and meat 60% of them from the animal resources, 40% of Sudanese population depend on pastorals, economist say that Sudan has more than 103 million herds, they disclosed that since 1970s the government didn’t cnduct animal population census.
Beside the food security the national herds contributed to the Gross Domestic Product GDP, it represents 20% of Sudan GDP and 40% of the agricultural contribution, the volume of animal export totaled to US$ 700 million which proves the national herds is a key element in Sudanese economy.
The Ministry of Finance and National Economy has put plans to create better investment conditions, but the contribution of national herds to Sudan economy is so limited despite the huge number of herds, as regard to the international trade, the monitors said, Sudan animal resources don’t compete in the regional and international markets, because it depends on traditional systems in promoting, marketing, production and exporting so 80% of animal production based on traditional methods and natural pastures.
The Study Centre of Future has organized a workshop in collaboration with the ministry of Animal Resources recently under the title “The Economy of Local Market and Exportation, the workshop recommended to promote and to increase the volume of exported and canned meat to generate more hard currencies.
The result of the workshop is directed to necessity of conducting animal population census and to set a database to offer data, to investors through regulations and policies, leather manufacturing alongside constructing slaughterhouses. 50% of the world’s leather production comes from Sudan, more than 121 agencies and storehouse investing in leathers besides 27 tanneries and 21 factories to export 25 millions of different types of leather pieces.
Economists complain of the consequences of the unilateral economic sanctions imposed on Sudan in 1997, after two decades US lifted the sanction, but it still operating, the business houses and international companies can’t transfer money to or from Sudan.

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