Zero Tolerance against FGM in Kordofan

The first two quarters from 2018 witnessed, a number of training courses targeted the health cadres particularly nurses and midwives. More than 1500 health cadres received training courses on the review and update pre-license training with an integrated component of FGM.
25 nurses and midwives were selected to be the trainer of the trainee on social norms change. This training is part of the preparatory work for the upcoming nursing and midwifery students against FGM campaign. 150 midwives from North Kordofan state received orientation on the accountability framework for midwives under the enforcement plan.
WHO and FMOH in collaboration with the national council for medical and health professions reviewed the accountability framework for midwives in light of the reviewed and finalized code of ethics and code of conduct for nurses and midwives. The objective is to ensure adherence to the ethics and principles in the code of ethics and conduct and referring to WHO accountability framework.
In North Kordofan state Sudanese specialist federation for nursing and Sudan Midwives Association have played a great role in advocating for the approval of a law that criminalize the FGM practice through their participation in an advocacy event targeting legislative council members in the state and media people as well.
Anti-FGM Campaign on Celebration of the International Day of Zero Tolerance to FGM
FGM prevalence is high in Sudan, with an estimated 86.6% prevalence among 15 – 49 years. This practice is mostly carried out among girls between 5-9 years old and is increasingly medicalized (55.6% to 76% from 2000-2014 among women 15-49 years, MICS, 2014).
In order to fulfill the WHO/SFFGC strategic plan and develop change agents and leaders among health cadres to lead the social movements within health community networks at all levels, WHO in collaboration with other partners has encouraged the role of medical students workers associations, governmental and nongovernmental, to advocate for the total abandonment of FGC.
WHO has provided support to MedSIN’s SCORA campaign for the celebration of international day of zero tolerance against FGM in Kordofan and in fulfilment with national counterparts focus to utilize the celebration of the event to facilitate program implementation.
Trained medical students from SCORA members was carried out an on orientation sessions on FGM and accountability framework at midwifery schools and advocate for against medicalization of FGM.     Beside, sensitization sessions on school health manual and the FGM component.
Thought out the SCORA campaign the advocacy for the de-medicalization continued by collecting the signatures from medical students on declaration against FGM from students in universities at North Kordofan. MedSIN has also provided support for the obstetrics and gynecology society proceedings during the 30th congress that was running during the same period.
In conclusion, the Anti-FGM campaign in Kordofan was a great success, and the collaboration between the WHO and MedSIN-Sudan was successful. Cities outside Khartoum are a good target for such movements, as most of the students are not trained in social changes, and most of the community is unaware of the consequences of FGM/C. Similar future is requires further coordination however it is good platform for creating social movement on abandonment of FGM among youth in different settings.
In 2017, a reproductive health module with FGM content was introduced in School Health Teachers’ Manual targeting schoolchildren ages 10-17 years old. The FGM content aims to delink FGM from religion while also highlighting the immediate, long-term, obstetric, sexual dysfunction and psychological risks/complications. As a result, in 2018 program partners were encouraged to develop a rapid formative need-based assessment among stakeholders to inform the roll out the School Health Teachers’ Manual.

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