February 10 National Child Day

Haffiya Elyas

Today marks the celebration of the  nine-years  of Child Act 2010, which is considered as  a major breakthrough in a legal systems that meet children’s protection and  in accordance with the national legislation, customs, traditions, values and beliefs of the Sudanese people, in conformity with the laws, agreements, protocols and international norms relevant to children’s issues
State Minister at the Ministry of  Security and Social Development, Mona Farouk, said  yesterday during the celebration of the national child day in her office that the past years have witnessed  a positive developments in legislation , law enforcement and strengthening the institutional framework of child protection systems in Sudan by focusing on social welfare services to design and develop policies
” I renewed the state’s commitment to enforcing universal periodic review recommendations by taking measures to protect persons with disabilities and adolescent children”.
Children out of school and children not enrolled in the civil Registry, and to expand the juvenile justice system and the issues of child victims of armed conflict by enforcing the action plan for the protection of children in armed conflict, she said.
The Ministry seeks through institutions concerned with children, confrontations and decisions to facilitate access to social, health, educational and cultural services, in order to affirm the role of the State in the development of the child in accordance with the Law on children
The Ministry  renewed the State’s commitment and attention  children’s issues in health, improving the environment and quality of education, strengthening community and institutional protection, and achieving comprehensive protection  and development for all children in the Sudan
The National Council for Child Welfare (NCCW)  asserted to  the importance of creating the appropriate conditions to promote awareness of the protection of children’s rights in an educational, psychological and social environment that encourages initiative and innovation and opens the way for the Arab child to participate actively and provide equal opportunities to all children in  Sudan and the Arab region.
The Secretary-General of the National Council for Child Welfare Suaad Abdulaal  called  last year on the occasion of the Arab Child Day  upon  the Government of the Sudan  and the Arab League to  declare the year  2019 is  year of childhood.
NCCW is always concentrate on the importance of creating the appropriate conditions to promote awareness of the protection of children’s rights in an educational, psychological and social environment that encourages initiative and innovation and opens the way for the  child to participate actively and provide equal opportunities to all children in the Arab region
It is worth noting that Child rights include the right to survival, development, progression, protection against harmful effects, prevention from mistreatment and attempts to exploit them in any form and guarantee their full participation in the family, social life and culture.
It is important to identify their problems, needs and obstacles they face and work on diminishing them in order to give Sudanese  child the opportunity to be raised in the best circumstances that provides them  education and health, and helps them to develop and create.
The Convention on the Rights of the Child signed and agreed upon in 1989 states the rights of each child should be respected without discrimination of any kind, the best interests of the child should be the primary consideration in all actions concerning children, children have the right to express their views freely and the views of the child should be taken into consideration, the child right to accessible healthcare, education, civil, social and legal services directly related to the child.
Status of CRC in national law
In 2010, the Sudanese Government reported to the Committee on the Rights of the Child that “pursuant to the legislative framework in the Sudan, any convention ratified by the Sudan shall be considered part of the legal framework in the country, and any article in any law that contradicts it should be amended or eliminated, as the Interim National Constitution of the Sudan, 2005, stipulates in article 27, the Bill of Rights.”
Legislation: Based on the uncertain political situation in Sudan, it is at times difficult to determine which Sudanese legislation is in effect at any particular time. The two main acts relating to children’s rights in Sudan are currently the Child Act (2010), which applies to the country as a whole, and the Child Act (2008) of Southern Sudan. Other statues relating to children include, but are not limited to:
In its 2010 Concluding Observations on the Sudanese government’s report, the Committee on the Rights of the Child welcomed the Child Act (2010). The Committee was “concerned, however, that the State party is yet to establish a regulatory and policy framework to effect its implementation” and “note[d] with particular concern the absence of a comprehensive body of subsidiary legislation and that many government agencies have not been able to implement the Child Act as they are yet to receive the necessary instructions from the National Council for Child Welfare.”
In its 2010 Concluding Observations on the Sudanese government’s report, the Committee on the Rights of the Child was generally concerned that the ongoing armed conflicts in the State have had a highly negative impact on children across the country and on the implementation of the CRC as a whole in the State. In particular, they were concerned with the implementation of Article 12.6, in that the views of all children, especially girls, are not respected, nor are they taken into account in decisions that affect them. Sudan does have specific legislation in place which allows a child to institute legal proceedings through his or her legal guardian and to provide testimony, but there is no legislation that specifically protects the voice of the child. The Committee was concerned with the prevalence of physical and psychological abuse occurring in families that is not adequately monitored, reported on or addressed. They also raised the issue of the State’s treatment of “vagrant” or street children.
The National Council for Child Welfare (NCCW)  affirmed the Sudan’s commitment to all international and regional conventions and treaties in order to achieve the best interests of the children  by promoting and activating national legislation, policies, strategies and programmes that protect children
The Secretary-General of the National Council for Child Welfare Suaad Abdulaal called yesterday at a press conference on the occasion of the World Children’s Day for everyone to defend and promote children’s rights to build a better world for children
The National Council for Child Welfare NCCW commended the efforts made by the State and relevant civil society organizations in promoting and protecting children’s rights, also commended the efforts of UNICEF and the international and regional partners promote and protect the rights of children and working towards their welfare through improving the health services, higher education in developing countries and the development of social services and their families
NCCW renewed the call for the adoption of the year 2019 year for children in the Sudan ” Since the year 2015, the Council has initiated the 21 campaign for children under the slogan (our children our future, a campaign to mobilize support and advocacy for children’s issues and to affirm the commitment of the State, civil society leaders and national, regional and international organizations and institutions operating in the Sudan  in children’s issues and raise awareness in order to become a priority for the comprehensive and sustainable protection, care and development of the Sudanese child
The 21-day campaign, is from  November 20 to December 10 each year, comes within a number of international events and celebrations, world Children’s Day, the 16-day campaign to combat violence against women and children, World Broadcasting Day for the children’s programme, world Human Rights Day, where these will  carried out at the center and the States in cooperation and partnership between the NCCW and a number of institutions and organizations in the Sudan

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