Camels Production in Sudan: Impact on the Food Security and Circumstances (3)

It is a research review prepared by Raga Mohamed Elzaki Ali1, Shamseldin Hassaballa Ahmed2, Azharia Abdelbaghi Elbushra3, Hashim Ahmaed Elobied4 it is a contribution to promote Animal resource in Sudan, we publish this paper in three versions.
A. Dependent variable:
Food security of the household is a binary variable in the form of ‘0’ for ” food insecure” and ‘1’ for” food secure”.
B. Explanatory variables:
DISTANCMRT = Distance to markets (in kilo meter).
AGE = Age of households in a year.
GENDER = Gender of the households (male = 1; female = 0).
AMOUNFAID= Amount of food aid obtained by the households (in pound)
LIVEHOD = Total livestock holding (in Livestock Unit)
FAMSIZ = Number of family size (in number).
EDUCALEVEL= Education level of the households (Literate = 1; illiterate = 0)
From the results obtained from table 3 denote that the positive estimate of parameters (?) occurs at variables of distance to markets, gender of the households, number of family size. While the negative estimate of parameters (?) occurs at the variables: age, education level, amount of food aid obtained by the households and the total livestock holding.
Food insecurity reducing by the age of the household-headed, i.e. the risk of food insecurity was on average lower in households with male head and young of the households head. As well, the risk of food insecurity was on average lower in educated households. The large amount of food aid obtained by the household was reduced the food insecurity. In addition, the household of being with extra of the total livestock owing are reduced the food insecurity.
6. Conclusions
Although Sudan is the big owner of the camels population, the camel farming is mainly going on following the traditional manners, based on the mobility of the herd. The socioeconomics characters of the camels producers had considerably affect the food security, mainly the education level and number of the males in the households. Additionally the number of selling camel and water availability are highly affecting the food security of the producers. Food insecurity had largely reduced by the age of the head household, number of male, educated households and the total livestock owing.

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