The new Federal Centre to Combat Corruption established by the President on 24 February 2019 and was the focus of the first part of this article.
Let start by that corruption is a national, regional and global curse and challenges. The UK Government in eve of the First Anti-Corruption Summit convened in London on 12 May, 2016, published a collection of essays on the issue.
In this respect, the reputable American academic Francis Fukuyama and author of the famous book “The End of History, wrote on an essay for the Summit “What is Corruption?” and said:
Corruption has in many ways become the defining issue of the 21st century, just as the 20th century was characterized by large ideological struggles between democracy, fascism and communism. Today a majority of the world’s nations accept the legitimacy of democracy and at least pretend to hold competitive elections. What really distinguishes political systems from one another is the degree to which the elites ruling them seek to use their power in the service of a broad public interest or simply to enrich themselves, their friends and their families. Countries from Russia and Venezuela to Afghanistan and Nigeria all hold elections that produce leaders with some degree of democratic legitimacy. What distinguishes them from Norway, Japan or Britain is not so much democracy as the quality of government which, in turn, is greatly affected by levels of corruption.
This means in other words that with corruption there is no democracy or good governance or any hope of any kind of genuine development.
The added that; Corruption hurts life outcomes in a variety of ways. Economically, it diverts resources away from their most productive uses and acts like a regressive tax that supports the lifestyles of elites at the expense of everyone else. Corruption incentivizes the best and the brightest to spend their time gaming the system, rather than innovating or creating new wealth. Politically, corruption undermines the legitimacy of political systems by giving elites alternative ways of holding onto power other than genuine democratic choice. It hurts the prospects of democracy when people perceive authoritarian governments to be performing better than corrupt democratic ones and undermines the reality of democratic choice.
Fukuyama concluded this paragraph by posing a question; however, the phenomenon labeled ‘corruption’ comprises a wide range of behaviours whose economic and political effects vary greatly. It is remarkable that, for all of the academic effort put into the study of corruption, there is still no broadly accepted vocabulary for distinguishing between its different forms. Before we can tackle corruption, we need some conceptual clarity as to what it is and how it relates to the broader problem of good government.
We will follow the answer.
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