Khartoum – Globally, All turn toward using renewable energy that generated from renewable natural resources. This energy is different totally from fossil energy such as petroleum, charcoal, natural gas or nuclear energy which use in nuclear reactors. Renewable energy doesn’t contain any dangerous gases or increase phenomenon of Global Warming like what happen in case of combustion fossil fuel or the noxious atomic residues resulted from nuclear reactors.
Renewable energy or the Sustainable energy generate from winds, water, Sun and also from movement of waves (Tides) or flooring thermal energy. Recent the more productive areas for renewable energy are stations of water-electric power and produce via great dams on rivers and waterfalls. Roads depend on winds and solar energy is using extensively in Developed Countries and some developing states.
It became familiar; generate electricity from resources of renewable energy. As many countries put plans and programs to increase its production from renewable energy to met its needs in rate of 20% of its usage by year 2020. IN Kyoto conference ( had been held )in Japan and Paris conference most of the countries presidencies agreed to reduce emission of Carbon dioxide in their countries to avoid threats of climate change due to pollution of fossil foul and atomic energy.
In last year’s, the interest with renewable energy scaled largely and was targeted to use those production projects of investment at different fields. According to study issued by the National Center for Energy Resource issued that, Sudan have high solar radiation , estimate of 10 hours per day , so all components of producing , particular solar energy is available while shining period is long and increase whenever turning toward north and west north. Also the thermal pressure is available in addition to Silicone material which produce the solar cell is also accessible in the Sudanese sands.
Wind energy costs less than solar energy and its speed generally not more than 4 meters per second and could utilize in Pumping water to generate electricity . There are some studies for projects not implemented yet in states of Red sea and Dongla to produce 20 Kilo Watt of wind energy. In Sudan dependence on solar energy is more than wind energy . As the study pointed to possibility of utilizing from Biomass energy in physical or chemical transforming ( fermentation) . As the Bio fuel could produce from different residuals of animals, agriculture and factories waste.
Sudan participated actively in the Nuclear Security Forum was hold in King Naief University for security sciences at Saudi Arabia , in cooperating with the International Atomic Energy Agency and Arabic Authority for Atomic Energy and participating of 317 participant from Arabic states and concerned bodies. In the conference , Sudan submitted a strategy friend to environment through using the renewable energy free from carbon emission in a line with goals of national strategy for development which aim to put a road plan for using renewable energy and committing with all regional and international agreements in this regard.
Sudan’s participation in this forum is a kind of awareness to the risk of using nuclear, biological of chemical substances. Besides, the gathering aim to strengthen the nuclear security to raise the knowledge with the culture of utilizing renewable energy , explain nuclear threats and methods of protection.
More than, Sudan aim to encourage investment in field of renewable energy via negotiation with Norwegian company (Scatik Solar) to establish its biggest farm for producing Solar energy after lifting the Imposed American Sanctions, its work capacity is 400 Megawatt, in a cost of 450 million $.
In a report issued by the World Bank informed that world is still far away from popularization methods of modern energy and to double capacity of using renewable energy. The report recommended to rise rate of annual international investment in this important kind of safe energy to achieve goals of sustainable development.