Obviously there was no defect on the articles stipulated in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) which resulted to the cessation of South Sudan.
The main issue in the CPA was the self-determination which was agreed on by all the political forces being in the government or in the opposition.
However, the CPA was a golden chance to boost the unity of Sudan, but unfortunately it led to the contrary and South Sudan became an independent state.
That was due to the failure of the Sudanese political rivals in dealing with the CPA on top of those rivals were the National Congress Party (NCP) and the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM).
The two partners, despite their commitment to make the unity option attractive, failed to do that as the leaders of both parties were busy in their wrangling and conflicts.
The CPA transitional period witnessed conflicts and disputes between the two partners which were the main reason for South Sudan cessation.
As for the opposition at that time, its leaders were keen to weaken the NCP and this was in favour of the SPLM which invested in this to press on its partner in the CPA.
On the other hand the NCP exploited the keenness of the SPLM to conduct referendum on self-determination by endorsing legislations and constitutional article targeting the northern opposition parties.
The deal was that the NCP supports the SPLM in conducting the referendum on self-determination, while the SPLM support passing the legislative proposed by the NCP in the parliament.
The NCP succeeded in passing the legislatives that targeted the opposition and at the same time the SPLM achieved its goal by conducting the referendum without completing the conditions stipulated in the CPA e.g. the demarcation, the popular consultations in Blue Nile and South Kordofan, the SPLA divisions 9 and 10.
The referendum was conducted and South Sudan became an independent country while the outstanding issues remained unresolved up to this moment.
Now, Sudan is heading towards a new era after the December/April revolution partners – the Transitional Military Council (TMC), and the Forces of Freedom and Change (FFC) – signed a deal which brought the country from the neck-bottle.
The two rivals should avoid the mistakes of the CPA and work as partners and not rivals through cementing the strong items of the agreement and disregard and consider that what had been reached is a great victory for all the Sudanese including the forces which are out of partnership between the TMC and the FFC.
Those who are not part of the agreement are now partners in harvesting the fruits of the revolution because they are citizens with equal rights in our beloved Sudan.
As for those who announced their rejection to the agreement, they should understand that their stances are negative and might lead to disastrous results.
We can say that the situation of Sudan is fragile and will not be able to resist any shock or confrontations.
Accordingly, all of us should rise above the bitterness and agony for the sake of the nation.
We should raise the banner (Sudan First and Sudan Last).
Latest posts by Muawad Mustafa Rashid (see all)
- Orbits: Putting Our House in Order - July 18, 2019
- Orbits: Political Will Required to Curb Corruption - July 16, 2019
- Orbits: Beware Repeating the CPA Shortcomings - July 11, 2019