Agriculture remains a crucial sector in the economy as a major source of raw materials, food and foreign exchange.
Sudan’s primary resources are agricultural. The contribution of agriculture industry to total manufacturing output is 60 per cent, in the form of raw materials.
The variety of agricultural zones in Sudan is suitable for a wide range of crops. Agriculture depends principally on rainfall and irrigation from major rivers ? the Nile and its tributaries.
Sudan has the largest irrigated area in sub-Saharan Africa and ranks second on the continent in terms of irrigated agriculture. Commercial agricultural activities are mostly concentrated in a belt across the center of the country, known as the central clay plain.
Khartoum is Sudan’s first largest city and the capital of the SUDAN. Sudan is rich with its abundant resources, which are represented in vast areas of land, and various climates. It is special with its fertile agricultural lands, large amounts of fresh water, and a variety in its animal resources. The extraction of petroleum gave Sudan an important economic dimension. This is besides the distinguished geographic locations of Sudan, which makes Sudan a passage to other African countries, which qualifies it as one of the commercial and investment inlets of those countries.
The importance of Sudan has increased in the field of investment during the last period due to its increasing economic importance from one side and its abundant economic resources from another.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) still works extensively in Sudan to improve sustainable agriculture. Between 2015 and 2019, the FAO put into place a plan of action for sustainable agriculture, food security and nutrition.
This plan of action includes several strategic projects that would help to improve Sudan’s agricultural sector through sustainable agriculture practices, and improved policy and institutional programming for food security; however, many of these plans are solely contingent upon funding. The FAO is dependent upon the United Nations, highlighting the importance of international support for sustainable agriculture in Sudan.
While Sudan has experienced substantial improvements to sustainable agriculture, the country is still in deep need. According to the 2015 Human Development Index, Sudan ranks 167 out of 188 — a ranking that clearly demonstrates the prevalence of food insecurity and poverty within the nation. Through the continued support by the U.N. and other countries (including the United States), sustainable agriculture in Sudan can be achieved. In turn, millions may no longer face food insecurity and be lifted out of poverty.
The coming civilian government would focus on agriculture activity in order to revive the Sudanese national economy by increasing the lands of plantation Sudan has fertile lands and waters for irrigation all these potentials are provided for joining agriculture in all its sectors. We have historical schemes such as Gezira, Rahad, El-sukey, Halfa El-Gadida and others if we focus on them no doubt we can across with our national economy to the safety.
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