China Focus: A Human Rights Protection and Development Path with Chinese Characteristics

At the just concluded 41st Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council, 50 Asian, African, Latin American, European and Islamic countries including Sudan released a letter strongly opposing the accusations made against China and the pressure put on China by some western countries and speaking highly of China’s achievements in human rights, in response to a letter co-signed by 24 western countries to the president of the United Nations Human Rights Council and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights groundlessly accusing China of issues related to Xinjiang. This proves again the old Chinese saying that “rumors stop at the wise, and justice inhabits people’s hearts”.
The Communist Party of China (CPC) and the Chinese government are committed to respecting and protecting human rights. Respecting, promoting and protecting human rights is not only the principle embodied in the Chinese Constitution and the pursuit of CPC governance, but also becomes the core goal and value pursuit of national development. China has achieved in several decades the progress in human rights that took developed countries centuries, managing to address the five major challenges of “poverty, disease, illiteracy, disorder and disunity” and enabling 1.3 billion Chinese people to live a peaceful, free and happy life, free from war, displacement or terror on the vast land of 9.6 million square kilometers.
Over the past seven decades since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, in particular the past four decades of reform and opening up, it has always upheld integration of the principle of universality of human rights with its national conditions and made universally recognized progress in the field of human rights. China has lifted 740 million people out of poverty, raised the average life expectancy from 35 years in 1949 to 76.7 years in 2017, created jobs for 770 million people and provided basic social security benefits for 260 million elderly people and 85 million persons with disabilities. Hailed by the United Nations as the “country enjoying the most rapid development in the past three decades”, China has realized the historic leaps from the days of poverty to securing access to food and clothing, and thence to a life of moderate prosperity for its population of approximately 1.4 billion, blazing a trail of development in human rights with Chinese characteristics.
China’s human rights development path adheres to peace and development as the foundation of promoting and protecting human rights. Convinced that peace and development is fundamental to a nation, China remains committed to boosting development through peace and promoting human rights through development and insists that only through development in a peaceful environment could human rights be completely guaranteed.
China’s human rights development path focuses on people’s happiness as the most achievement of human rights. Committed to realizing the common development of human rights of everybody, China has been placing its primary focus on the rights to survival and development, insisting that other human rights are out of the question if peoples’ rights to survival and development are not guaranteed. Meanwhile, by promoting all-round and balanced development of people’s economic, social, cultural rights as well as civil and political rights, China has worked for better improving people’s livelihood, enlarging the democratic participation, protecting ecological environment, and safeguarding various rights in an all-round manner. China insists that human rights entail both individual rights and collective rights and endeavors to promote all-round progress in individual and collective human rights. The country also attaches great importance to protection of rights of specific groups such as ethnic minorities, women, children, the elderly and people with disabilities.
China’s human rights development path features law-based protection of human rights. By establishing a legal system for human rights protection suited to national conditions, the country has effectively protected and developed human rights by means of sound legislation, strict law enforcement, impartial administration of justice and universal observance of law. China also persists in the idea that human rights entail both rights and obligations, prohibiting individuals from infringing others’ rights or public interests and disrupting the public order while exercising their own rights.
China’s human rights development path attaches equal importance to protecting human rights pursuant to international instruments on human rights and maintaining the national sovereignty. China has signed 27 international instruments on human rights and fulfilled its international human rights obligations. Holding that a country bears the primary responsibility for human rights protection, China advocates the respect for national sovereignty and for each country’s independent choice of human rights development path, and opposes, as always, using human rights as a pretext to interfere in the internal affairs of other countries and politicizing human rights, in an effort to promote the sound development of international human rights through equal-footed dialogue, exchange and cooperation.
China’s human rights protection path pursues a global community of shared future as a way to improve global human rights governance. Human rights protection is a compulsory part of building a global community of shared future. International human rights affairs should be handled through joint consultations by all countries. The global human rights governance system should be jointly developed by all countries. And the achievements of human rights development should be shared by all people around the world.
China stands ready to work together with all countries in the globe, including Sudan and a vast number of other developing countries, on advancing human rights through peace, development and cooperation, striving to form a global human rights governance system that is more impartial, reasonable and inclusive, build a global community of shared future, and create a bright future for the well-being of people of all countries in the world.

Ma Xinmin Ma Xinmin

Ma Xinmin Ma Xinmin

Ma Xinmin                   Chinese Ambassador to Sudan

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