There are good prospects for fisheries development in the Sudan. Potential areas are:
* Diversification and intensification of freshwater and marine finfish, shellfish and shrimp activities.
* Culture-based fisheries in rainwater hafirs and the network of irrigation canals.
* Offshore and high seas fisheries.
* Trade in ornamental fish, utilising the huge resources of the coral fish within the fringing coral reef.
According to the Sudan federal government system, there are structural arrangements for fisheries administration at the federal and state levels.
The Fisheries Administration within the Federal Ministry of Animal Resources is the central fisheries authority entrusted with planning, policy formulation, training and the overall supervision of the fisheries sector. This Administration is answerable to the Undersecretary of the Ministry. It consists of three main divisions, namely, capture fisheries, aquaculture and conservation. This Administration currently has 78 staff members, 34 of whom are technical personnel.
At the state level, fisheries administration structures are under the umbrella of the Director General of Agriculture, who is answerable to the Minister of Agriculture of that state. There are currently 12 fisheries administration structures endowed with fisheries resources out the 26 federal states of the Sudan.
Applied research and transfer of technology is the mandatory responsibility of the Fisheries Research Centre, Animal Resources Research Corporation of the Ministry of Science and Technology. The Fisheries Research Centre functions through six research stations located in different parts of the country. These include the Aquaculture Station (in Khartoum), the White Nile Station (Kosti), the Lake Nubia Station (Wadi Halfa), the Red Sea Station (Port Sudan), the Roseires Station (El Damazin) and the Khashm El Girba Station (Halfa El Gadieda). The staff of the Fisheries Research Centre consists of 79 members, of whom 24 are technical staff.
The Fisheries Training Institute delivers short-term training targeting fisheries officers, private fish farmers and fishermen. Local and foreign universities provide training leading to undergraduate and postgraduate degrees.
Sudan has received bilateral and humanitarian support in the area of fisheries that has helped in its development process. This support has included:
* The FAO/UNDP Fisheries Training Project located at Malakal for southern Sudan capacity building.
* The Chinese People’s Republic Project for the development of the Lake Nubia fisheries.
* The Canadian IDRC funded two projects for the development of mariculture (oyster farming) in the Red Sea area and freshwater fish culture in Khartoum.
* The British ODA funded a project in the Red Sea for the development of artisan fisheries through building and distributing boats and providing fishing gear and storage and transport facilities.
* The OPEC/UNDP Project in the Red Sea to assist fisheries cooperatives with fishing gear, storage and transport facilities.
* The Japanese Government provided a grant for the development of the White Nile fisheries, which was used to build ice and storage plants in Khartoum and Kosti and the purchase of insulated fish transport trucks.
* OXFAM assisted in the establishment of oyster family farms on the Red Sea coast.
* The UNECIF Household Food Security Project (within the UN Consolidated Appeal for Southern Sudan) distributed fishing twine and hooks for displaced people and returnees from war-affected areas in and around Juba, Wao and Malakal.
* The FAO Technical Cooperation Programme for the establishment of a Fisheries Management Unit.
* FAO missions for the evaluation of fisheries and for setting up the legal framework for fisheries management.