Drought Leaves 2 Million Food Insecure in Angola


Southern Angola is facing the worst drought in decades, with at least 2.3 million people at high risk of suffering malnutrition because they couldn’t get enough food, the United Nations Children’s Fund says. 
Among them is 58-year-old farmer Eduardo Noukala, who is struggling to find enough grass and water for the cattle his family now depends on.
The worst drought to hit southern Angola in decades destroyed his entire crop.
It hasn’t rained since November and thousands of farmers like Noukala were left with no harvest and little hope.
He says only God knows about the drought this year, because he hasn’t seen something like this before.
Families depend on cattle
Cattle farmers were forced to make an annual trek with their herds three months early, in search of green pastures.
Few of the animals are expected to survive, and thousands have already died.
The United Nations Children Fund says the drought has left more than 2 million people in southern Angola at risk of food insecurity.
Asorio Setequele, a local farmer says they are starving at home and have no water because of the drought.
But Dr. Daniel Ricardo, who is a nutrition specialist, says most of those starving are too weak to reach medical care.
He says the health condition of those children will get worse because this drought does not only affect people nutritionally, but also has a huge impact on the children’s health at the community level.
Aid group World Vision is treating 32,000 hungry children younger than 5 in Cunene with 11 containers of food supplements.
More aid needed
Robert Bulten, the emergency program director in Angola, is concerned about the extreme need.
“This is not enough,” he said. “We will need to find other resources by additional suppliers, because we foresee that with the field harvest of this season, we are expecting that we will encounter a lot of malnourished children at least until the harvest of the next year, which will be in March.”
Angola’s president, Joao Lourenco, visited the region this month and acknowledged the situation is grim.
He says the government is not indifferent to this. The reason for his presence in these two provinces was a sign to show that the government is following up on what is happening in almost all of southern Angola.
Angola has promised to fund its own emergency and development programs within four years.
While the plan is praiseworthy, aid groups say the vow of self-reliance makes it harder to attract donations to help Angolans suffering from the drought.
Luanda Province is surrounded on three sides by water — the Bengo and Cuanza Rivers, and the Atlantic Ocean.
But only half of its 8 million inhabitants have access to clean, running water.
Informal car washers like Herminio Chitembo have no choice but to use untreated sewage water to earn a living. He says they do this business because of hunger. 
“They need to make ends meet,” Chitembo said. “They are unemployed — that is why they are here.”
The United Nations Children’s Agency says nationwide, 44% of Angolans still do not have access to clean water. UNICEF´s deputy representative Patricia Portela De Sousa says a lack of access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene are the main causes of infectious diseases. 
“It means that many people are in danger,” De Sousa said. “Not having access to safe water equals the likelihood of people to get diseases, increases morbidity, and many time(s) mortality.”
But the lack of clean water is also an opportunity for hundreds of drinking water delivery boys. They say people need this water because in the neighborhood where they sell it, there is no water whatsoever. There are taps, but they have never had running water.
The Public Water Company of Luanda, EPAL, admits there is a serious water shortage.
EPAL’s spokesperson, Vladimir Bernardo, says Luanda´s water company has an average production level of 540,000 cubic meters of water per day, while the daily need is over a million cubic meters. 
Luanda’s water company says financial issues have slowed progress, but production projects in the works will eventually improve access to clean water. 
Meanwhile, Angolans do their best to get by, using what dirty water they have or the clean water they can sell.

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