Sudan’s main crops include cotton, peanuts (groundnuts), sesame, gum Arabic, sorghum, and sugarcane. The main subsistence crops are sorghum and millet, with smaller amounts of wheat, corn, and barley. There are four distinct subsectors in Sudanese agriculture: modern irrigated farming, most of which is carried out with mechanized equipment on a large scale with the help of government investment; mechanized rain-fed crop production; traditional rain-fed farming; and livestock raising.
Sudan’s irrigated agriculture is thus dependent on abundant supplies of water from the two main branches of the Nile. The future growth of Sudanese agriculture, however, continues to depend on mechanized rain-fed farming in a broad belt running from the northeastern portion of the country to the south-southwest. Mechanized rain-fed farming was begun in the fertile clay plains of eastern Sudan in the mid-1940s and has since greatly expanded. One of the major disadvantages of this type of agriculture, however, is that rich farmers practice a sophisticated version of traditional shifting cultivation: they farm an area intensively with government-financed equipment for a few years but then move on to more attractive virgin land when yields decline. This practice has led to soil erosion and even to desertification in some areas. Despite these problems, the broad belt of mechanized farms in the east stretching from the Atbara River west to the Blue Nile is now the granary of the country, with sorghum, sesame, and cereal grains as its main crops.
El-Hurga agricultural scheme played a great and pioneer role in reviving the area and stability of its citizens, the scheme made the life to involve in cooperation and integration among the population of the scheme’s area who benefited from the vital scheme which contributed more and changed the life of the population, the scheme also has played a crucial role in the propping up the state’s treasure by the foreign currency through high quality production of cotton which considered the main crop in the historical scheme.
El- Hurga agricultural scheme achieved the citizens’ ambitions particularly the farmers sector who exerted a great efforts due to promotion the life of the humankind who live in the area of the scheme. Really, the people depend on the scheme and its production. The scheme famous for cotton production and Dura, which represents the main food of the common citizens, who residence in the scheme’s villages that shape the unification and cooperation of the people and gives full support to the communication process among these villages.
We do not forget the farmers strategic role who has exerted a huge efforts due to increasing production and productivity, because he knows the specific methods of agriculture which became the first occupation, beside this activity the farmers over there enabled to entering the breeding of animals such as goats, sheep and cows and the then he contributed in increasing the individual’s income during these brilliant era of the scheme.
El-Hurga agricultural scheme is one of the important schemes in the area north Sennar Dam, because it contains fertile soil empty from the natural impediments and located in important strategic area, because is near Wad Madani town which constitutes the direct market for other productions which increased the farmer’s income.
Despite of the great contribution, which the giant scheme threw, but the former regime does not concern, by its contributions, particularly the regime did not pay attention to find out an effective solution for the irrigation process, which became the main obstacle facing the scheme’s production.
The scheme disappeared totally from the map of schemes, which they were bringing the foreign currency. Now the scheme suffers from the dry and its lands became as covering desert, and both farmer and citizen became as a victim suffer from this nightmare and obsession of the negligence whereas the most of the population especially the youth segment who prefer migration to the big cities within the country and Gulf States looking for the best economic situation in order to increase their income.
If the transitional government wants to refresh the national economy, it should interest and focus on agriculture, through the vital schemes such as El-Gezra, Rahad, al-Suki, new Halfa and others on the White Nile and Blue Nile. Agriculture constitutes the backbone of the national economy and it is real oil of the Sudan.
El-Hurga agricultural scheme is an important because had played a pioneer role in reviving the national economy, but recently no trace for it, all its canals are buried and feels angry due to deliberate negligence of the National Salvation Government that did not pay attention towards the population who become victim of the floundering of the National Salvation Government and its wrong decision. Now the scheme needs rehabilitation in order to contribute in reviving the national economy through increasing production and productivity. The transitional government should focus on agriculture by growing the cash crops in irrigated schemes like Al-Gezira, El- Rahad, Al-Suki, New Halfa and other irrigated schemes El-Hurga is one of these schemes, which were destroyed by the former regime.
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